foundation for cooperative learning. Journal on. Excellence in College Teaching, 8 (1), 83-103. Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development as a Theoretical Foundation for Cooperative Learning. Peter E. Doolittle. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. The work of Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) provides a sound theo-. Cooperative Learning. Because cooperative groups are. a collection of forty-eight articles that originally appeared in the Journal of. Application of the Jigsaw Cooperative Learning Method in…